Cubism, 100 years ago, the defining art movement of the century, began with Paul Cezanne's influence on Picasso and Braque. Picasso regarded Cézanne as a "mother hovering over," Henri Matisse as "father to us all." Cezanne's reduction of the visible world into basic shapes, faceted brushstrokes that reconstruct nature through painterly forms, the fracture and flattening of space...the beginnings of modern art, is an inspiration for what nVeil Art can help create.
Paul Cezanne, Bibemus Quarry, 1900
In 1943, Pablo Picasso declared to photographer George Brassaï that artist Paul Cézanne was “my one and only master.”
The seminal moment for Picasso was the Cézanne retrospective held at the Salon d’Automne one year after the artist’s death in 1906. Though he previously had been familiar with Cézanne, it was not until the retrospective that Picasso experienced the full impact of his artistic achievement. As he later put it: “Cézanne’s influence gradually flooded everything.”
Cézanne’s insistence on redoing nature according to a system of basic forms was important to Picasso’s own interest at that time. In Cézanne’s work Picasso found a model of how to distill the essential from nature in order to achieve a cohesive surface that expressed the artist’s singular vision. Beginning in 1907, Picasso began to experiment with Cézanne’s techniques alongside fellow artist Georges Braque. Cézanne was a constant touchstone for the two artists during this period of collaboration, which eventually resulted in the invention of Cubism by 1909. Throughout Picasso’s stylistic evolution over the next seven decades, he continued to borrow from and reinterpret Cézanne’s art.